Regardless of the form of structure, the process of construction is perplexing. Aside from the time, effort, and money involved, careful consideration should be given to the construction’s purpose and intended usage. As a result, it is understandable that the process of creating a structure begins with the plan.
In this article, we’ve outlined a step-by-step procedure for Building Construction Process from start to completion. They’re vital procedures to take in order to organize your construction project more efficiently and effectively.
Building Construction Process from Start to Finish:
The steps involved in the building construction process from start to finish are listed below:
- To purchase a piece of land or a plot
- To Seek Technical Assistance
- Budget estimation
- Authorities’ permission
- Make contact with a contractor
- Work on-site preparation or leveling
- PPC and Excavation
- Plinth Beam and Slab
- Superstructure – Column
- Brick Masonry Work
- The Lintel Over Door Window Gaps
- Roof Structure
- Electric work and Plumbing
- Exterior and Interior Finishing
- Woodwork and Fixture Fittings
- To purchase a piece of land or a plot:
It is the most crucial phase in the construction of a structure. Look for a site for the structure that is most suited for construction. When choosing land, make sure it has all of the needed utilities close by and is free of any land-related concerns.
It is recommended that prior data be gathered before purchasing land or a plot, either through internet research or by getting assistance from real estate professionals or concerned individuals regarding the effective cost of the same.
- To Seek Technical Assistance:
Following the selection of suitable sites for construction, enlist the assistance of a competent architect to generate building designs and seek his or her input. An architect creates a plan depending on your needs and budget, including the number of flats and stores.
Then, after consulting with an architect, have a structural engineer go through the details of the reinforcements to be used, the depth of your foundation, the size of gravel to be used, pillar width, and so on.
- Budget estimation:
Building construction needs a significant quantity of material and money. Following the completion of the planning and structural detailing, the details are forwarded to the building estimator. The building estimator will calculate the quantity of materials and different types of work, as well as create an abstract sheet that indicates the total cost of construction.
If your financial resources are restricted, we must seek pre-approval for loans ahead of time, or you may find yourself in a cash crisis.
- Authorities’ permission:
Every day, thousands of structures are demolished owing to a lack of proper paperwork and documents as proof of ownership. When you’re preparing to start a building construction project, seek authorization from the authorities and register to avoid situations like these.
Obtain a document demonstrating the transfer/purchase of the new piece of land with necessary appendices from the transferor and local legal authorities.
The land survey report, land soil test report, land purchase/transfer document, architectural drawings, structural report, and certificate of undertaking by a civil engineer are examples of documents that may be required.
- Approach a contractor:
A construction builder or contractor must be carefully picked since it is a vital component in ensuring building construction quality and on-time completion of work. Before handing in work, a pre-investigation on the builder is required. All work-related elements must be explicitly mentioned in the contract document.
Layout and job specifics, as well as payment methods, time frames, and expenses should all be included in the contract form. Before signing a final contract, be sure the contract is in good working order.
- Work on-site preparation or leveling:
A ‘site’ is a defined land area for the construction of a certain structure. When an area of the property has been abandoned for a long time, it is likely to be overgrown with trees, weeds, and rubbish. The first step is to remove any materials that may block the construction process.
You can engage corporations to run bulldozers, excavators, or land mowers on a vast tract of land that cannot be removed with basic instruments.
- PPC and Excavation:
Excavating machines are used to dig the foundation of the construction ground according to the dimensions indicated in the blueprints. Before putting the foundation reinforcements, a layer of PCC (Plain cement concrete) is laid in the excavated area of this foundation trench.
The foundation is the lowest level of the structure, where it touches the ground. It’s a part of the building’s unnoticed structure. The importance of laying a sturdy foundation for a structure cannot be overstated.
Because the other components of the building rely on the foundation’s strength to stay put, it is the most important aspect of the construction. If the foundation is weak, the structure will eventually collapse, regardless of the quality and amount of materials used to construct it.
This is something that construction engineers are aware of. As a result, they put forth their utmost effort in terms of both material and human resources to guarantee that the foundation is solidified to the maximum extent possible.
- Plinth Beam and Slab:
After the foundation has been effectively constructed, further reinforcement is known as the “plinth beam and slab” is put to the top. The plinth beam and slab are used to reinforce the foundation in order to protect it from moisture and prevent fractures from reaching the wall. It will aid in the stability of the foundation in the case of an earthquake.
- Superstructure – Column:
The beam and slab are supported by a superstructure. The column meant to reinforce the load imposed on the building’s foundation is one of the superstructure’s members. The columns are built up to the slab level and serve as a framework for future work. To prevent water from entering the slab and casting, a waterproof coating is used.
- Brick Masonry Work:
This is where the building’s visible section is created. Different types of blocks or bricks can be used to construct the building walls, depending on the preference of the owner. Materials like concrete blocks and fly ash bricks are used in accordance with the architect’s design in the building plan.
The cement mortar mixer is used to combine cement and sand in order to hold the bricks together while they are being positioned by the bricklayer. When establishing the building wall, the masonry carves out the structure of the windows and doors.
- The Lintel Over Door Window Gaps:
The lintel is built on top of the wall once it has been erected. A lintel, like a plinth beam and slab, is a beam that spans door and window openings. It serves as a support for the building that sits on top of it.
- Roof Structure:
The roofing structure is the load that the lintel sustains. The roof refers to the framework of the house’s highest layer for form covering, weather protection, decoration, and attractiveness.
At this phase, the structure is taking shape, and you can see what dimensions it will have.
- Electric work and Plumbing:
Buildings, as we all know, are built with a pristine surface that conceals electrical and plumbing equipment. They are covered and not seen when the finishing work is completed, since they are put in the walls and slabs. The point and pipe ends are left unfinished so that the electric fitting and plumbing fixtures can be added later.
- Exterior and Interior Finishing:
After the electrical and plumbing work is finished, the plastering work begins. The exterior of the structure is plastered with a combination of cement and sand. It is covered with a thickness of 13 mm, but it may also be as thick as 20 mm.
Plastering may strengthen the structure of a building, protect it from the elements, and improve its appearance. Experts carry out the interior design in accordance with the architect’s instructions.
The construction of the building is nearing completion. Following the completion of the external and interior decor, work on the flooring begins. There are numerous varieties of flooring based on its intended function, cost, and level of polish. Some of the better possibilities are ceramic tiles, vitrified tiles, clay tiles, granite, marble, wood, and epoxy flooring.
- Woodwork and Fixture Fittings:
Following the steps above, practically all of the building work is accomplished, and then the furniture work begins. Electrical, switchboard, and plumbing fixtures are all installed side by side in the bathrooms and kitchens.
Waterproofing is a technique for keeping water out of your home. Waterproofing is crucial because it keeps your home dry. It helps to minimize humidity within the home, protecting your belongings from harm caused by humidity or water exposure.
The most essential goal of house painting is to extend the life of our home while adding color gives it a gorgeous makeover. Painting not only adds color to a home’s walls, but it also protects them from stains and filth, extending their life.
From simple paint to high-quality paint that can provide our house 5 to 10 years of additional life and an excellent look for both the exterior and inside, there are numerous paint qualities that can be used to protect our house for a long time from stain, mud, sunshine, rain, dirt, and so on.
Building a structure is a large-scale, long-term investment. This is why real estate is one of the most important investments ever. As the population of a certain region grows, the demand for housing will grow as well. As a result, it’s critical to match this demand with an adequate quantity of housing facilities.
This article has given you some insight into the Building Construction Process. Most structures, whether they are a house, an office, a corporation, a tourist center, or a retail mall, go through the same construction stages described in this article.